Six Nations of New York

Concluded October 22, 1784

Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort Stanwix, on the twenty-second day of October, on thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, between Oliver, Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee, commissioners plenipotentiary from the United States, in Congress assembled, on the one part, and the sachems and warriors of the Six Nations, on the other.

The United States of America give peace to the Senekas, Mohamwsk, Onodagas, and Cayugas, and receive them into their protection upon the following conditions:

Article 1.
Six hostages shall be immediately delivered to the commissioners by the said nations, to remain in possession of the United States, till all the prisoners, white and black, which were taken by the said Senekas, Mohawks, Onondagas, and Cayugas, or by any of them, in the late war, from among the people of the United States, shall be delivered up.

Article 2.
The Oneida and Tuscarora nations shall be secured in the possession of the lands on which they are settled.

Article 3.
A line shall be drawn, beginning at the mouth of a creek, about four miles east of Niagara, called Oyonwayea, or Johnston's Landing Place, upon the lake, named by the Indians Oswego, and by us Ontario; from thence southerly, in a direction always four miles east of the carrying path, between lake Erie and Ontario, to the mouth of Tehoseroron, or Buffalo creek, on lake Erie; thence south, to the north boundary of the State of Pennsylvania; thence west, to the end of the said north boundary; thence south, along the west boundary of the said State, to the river Ohio; the said line, from the mouth of the Oyonwayea to the Ohio, shall be the western boundary of the lands of the Six Nations; so that the Six Nations shall and do yield to the Untied States, all claims to the country west of the said boundary; and then they shall be secured in the peaceful possession of the lands they inhabit, east and north of the same, reserving only six miles square, round the fort of Oswego, to the United States, for the support of the same.

Article 4.
The commissioners of the United States, in consideration of the present circumstances of the Six Nations, and in execution of the humane and liberal views of the United States, upon the signing of the above articles, with order goods to be delivered to the said Six nations, for their use and comfort.

Oliver Wolcott, L.S.
Richard Bulter, L.S.
Arthur Lee, L.S.

Mohawks
Onogwendahonji, his x mark, L.S.
Touighnatogon, his x mark, L.S.

Onondagas
Oheadarighton, his x mark L.S.
Kendarindgon, his x mark L.S.

Senekas
Tayagonendagighti, his x mark L.S.
Tehonwaeaghrigagi, his x mark, L.S.

Oneidas
Otyadonenghti, his x mark, L.S.
Dagaheari, his x mark, L.S.

Cayuga
Oraghgoanendagen, his x mark, L.S.

Tuscaroras
Ononghsawenghti, his x mark, L.S.
Tharondawagon, his x mark, L.S.

Seneka Abeal
Kayenthoghke, his x mark, L.S.

Witnesses:
Sam. Jo. Atlee, Pa. Com'rs.
Wm. Maclay, Pa. Com'rs.
Fras. Johnston, Pa. Com'rs.
Aaron Hill,
Alexander Campbell,
Saml. Kirkland, Missionary,
James Dean,
Saml. Montgomery,
Derick Lane, Capt.
John Mercer, Lieut.
William Pennington, Lieut.
Mahlon Hord, Ensign, Hugh Peebles

2007 Tuscarora and Six Nations Websites