Six Nations of New York
Concluded October 22, 1784
Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort Stanwix, on the twenty-second day of October, on thousand
seven hundred and eighty-four, between Oliver, Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee,
commissioners plenipotentiary from the United States, in Congress assembled, on the one part, and the
sachems and warriors of the Six Nations, on the other.
The United States of America give peace to the Senekas, Mohamwsk, Onodagas, and Cayugas, and receive
them into their protection upon the following conditions:
Six hostages shall be immediately delivered to the commissioners by the said nations, to remain in
possession of the United States, till all the prisoners, white and black, which were taken by the said Senekas,
Mohawks, Onondagas, and Cayugas, or by any of them, in the late war, from among the people of the United
States, shall be delivered up.
The Oneida and Tuscarora nations shall be secured in the possession of the lands on which they are
A line shall be drawn, beginning at the mouth of a creek, about four miles east of Niagara, called
Oyonwayea, or Johnston's Landing Place, upon the lake, named by the Indians Oswego, and by us Ontario;
from thence southerly, in a direction always four miles east of the carrying path, between lake Erie and
Ontario, to the mouth of Tehoseroron, or Buffalo creek, on lake Erie; thence south, to the north boundary of
the State of Pennsylvania; thence west, to the end of the said north boundary; thence south, along the west
boundary of the said State, to the river Ohio; the said line, from the mouth of the Oyonwayea to the Ohio, shall
be the western boundary of the lands of the Six Nations; so that the Six Nations shall and do yield to the
Untied States, all claims to the country west of the said boundary; and then they shall be secured in the
peaceful possession of the lands they inhabit, east and north of the same, reserving only six miles square, round
the fort of Oswego, to the United States, for the support of the same.
The commissioners of the United States, in consideration of the present circumstances of the Six
Nations, and in execution of the humane and liberal views of the United States, upon the signing of the above
articles, with order goods to be delivered to the said Six nations, for their use and comfort.
Oliver Wolcott, L.S.
Richard Bulter, L.S.
Arthur Lee, L.S.
Onogwendahonji, his x mark, L.S.
Touighnatogon, his x mark, L.S.
Oheadarighton, his x mark L.S.
Kendarindgon, his x mark L.S.
Tayagonendagighti, his x mark L.S.
Tehonwaeaghrigagi, his x mark, L.S.
Otyadonenghti, his x mark, L.S.
Dagaheari, his x mark, L.S.
Oraghgoanendagen, his x mark, L.S.
Ononghsawenghti, his x mark, L.S.
Tharondawagon, his x mark, L.S.
Kayenthoghke, his x mark, L.S.
Sam. Jo. Atlee, Pa. Com'rs.
Wm. Maclay, Pa. Com'rs.
Fras. Johnston, Pa. Com'rs.
Saml. Kirkland, Missionary,
Derick Lane, Capt.
John Mercer, Lieut.
William Pennington, Lieut.
Mahlon Hord, Ensign, Hugh Peebles