For descriptions of the Midwinter Festival, see: James E. Seaver, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison (New York, 1961; originally published 1824), pp. 173-177; Lewis Henry Morgan, League of the Ho-De-No-Sau-Nee or Iroquois (2 vols.; New York, 1901; originally published 1851), I, 199-213; William N. Fenton, An Outline of Seneca Ceremonies at Cold Spring Longhouse, Yale University Publications in Anthropology, No. 9 (New Haven, 1936); Frank G. Speck, Midwinter Rites of the Cayuga Long House (Philadelphia, 1949).